Why Mosquito Control Research Matters

Mosquitoes kill more than one million people each year worldwide and harm even more by transmitting diseases through their tiny bite. The Mosquito Research Foundation is working to protect public health and stop mosquitoes from infecting Americans and people around the world with diseases such as malaria, dengue fever, and West Nile virus.

Concerned About Public Health?

  • Malaria
    • 1,500 cases of imported malaria in the US are reported yearly
    • Eradicated in the US in 1950; however, without mosquito control, malaria might reestablish from tourism and immigration
    • 63 outbreaks of locally transmitted malaria were reported in the US from 1957-2009
  • Yellow fever
    • Rare in the US
    • Approximately 2,500 cases occurred worldwide in 2011 with the majority occurring in Africa
  • Dengue fever
    • Majority of cases in the contiguous United States were acquired elsewhere by travelers or immigrants
    • Endemic to many regions in the tropics and subtropics
    • Approximately 10,000 cases diagnosed in Puerto Rico in 2007
    • Several cases reported in Key West, Florida in 2010
  • Arboviral Encephalitis
    • Over 30,500 cases between 1999 and 2010
    • West Nile Virus (WVN) is the most common cause of epidemic viral encephalitis
  • Chikungunya virus
    • Outbreaks have occurred in countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Indian and Pacific Oceans. In late 2013, chikungunya virus was found for the first time in the Americas on islands in the Caribbean.
    • There is no vaccine to prevent or medicine to treat chikungunya virus infection.

Concerned About Animals and Wildlife?

  • Horses
    • Over 25,000 horses died from Eastern Equine Encephalitis, Western Equine Encephalitis, and West Nile Virus between 2000 and 2006
  • Dogs
    • Canine heartworm transmitted by Culex mosquitoes
    • Also suffer from West Nile Virus
  • Large birds (ostriches, emus, etc.) and Caribou
    • Similarly affected by Eastern Equine Encephalitis and West Nile Virus
    • Documented cases of caribou in Alaska asphyxiated from inhalation of mosquitoes
  • Endangered species
    • Eastern Equine Encephalitis affects whooping cranes and sandhill cranes

Concerned About Daily Quality of Life and Your Vacation?

  • Sheer numbers make being outside unpleasant
    • A female mosquito can produce over 400 million progeny in a single season, even if only 25% of each generation survives
    • A mosquitos bite multiple times and will continue to feed until she is full (only female mosquitos feed on blood)
  • Location of tourist destinations
    • Coastlines and state/national parks tend to be heavily populated with mosquitos
    • Heavy application of mosquito repellent necessary